Iroko, scientifically known as Milicia excelsa, is a hardwood tree species primarily distributed across tropical Central Africa. It is one of two species, the other being Milicia regia, that yields timber commonly known as African teak or simply “iroko.” Iroko is celebrated for its robust qualities, making it a valuable resource in various industries. This specification page offers an in-depth exploration of the Iroko tree, its characteristics, and its versatile applications.
- Size: Iroko is a sizable deciduous tree that can grow up to an impressive 50 meters (160 feet) in height.
- Cones: The trunk of an Iroko tree is often bare lower down, with the first branches typically starting at least 20 meters (66 feet) above the ground.
Size and Growth
- Height: Larch trees vary in size depending on the species, but they can typically reach heights of 50 to 100 feet (15 to 30 meters).
- Trunk: The trunk of a mature Larch tree can reach diameters of 1 to 2.5 feet (0.3 to 0.8 meters).
Iroko trees are native to the rainforests of Central Africa, including countries like Nigeria, Cameroon, and Ghana. They thrive in the warm and humid climates of the region.
- Iroko’s resistance to termites and decay makes it an excellent choice for construction materials, including beams, columns, and outdoor structures.
- Its strength and durability make it a reliable option for challenging structural applications.
Furniture and Joinery:
Iroko wood is sought after for furniture and joinery due to its attractive grain patterns and workability.
- Iroko’s hardness and resistance to wear and tear make it an ideal material for flooring in both residential and commercial spaces.
- It provides a stunning, durable surface that can withstand heavy use.
Iroko, with its towering presence and exceptional wood properties, plays a crucial role in various applications, from construction to interior design. Whether you’re considering Iroko for its termite resistance and strength in construction or its aesthetic appeal in fine woodworking, this species is a testament to nature’s gifts. As you utilise Iroko resources, remember the importance of sustainable practices to safeguard this valuable tree and its rich ecosystem.